– Okay people, we got a problem.
Fake news is everywhere,so let's talk about the biggest stories that peoplewere convinced were real.
At 8pm, on October 30th 1938, Orson Welles put on a broadcast that has become known as one of the biggest hoaxes of all time.
Welles adapted H.
Wells' 1898 novel, The War of the Worlds into a radio drama made up of breaking on the scene reports of aliens invading NewYork city and New Jersey.
News reports aroundthe country in the days after the broadcast, reported that there had been mass hysteriaand that the highways were jammed with people fleeing.
But, as it turns out, allof the reports were fake.
The War of the Worldsbroadcast was actually a scheduled episode of theMercury Theater on air.
Now while some people believedthat Martians with Death Rays were wiping out the human race, the program only had a small audience and there weren't actuallyany reports of mass hysteria.
Just a few panicked peoplewho were freaked out, after they tuned in late.
In the late 700s, the Catholic church was trying to take over control of European states from the ruling class.
To get the upper hand, the church claimed that they had already hadthe rights to the land, thanks to the donation of Constantine.
A letter written by the Roman emperor, Constantine I, in the fourth century.
As a thank you to Pope Sylvester I, for curing him of hisleprosy and converting him to Christianity,Constantine gave the church ownership and political control of land in Europe, Asia and Africa.
And for centuries, everybody bought it.
It wasn't until 1440, thatthe Italian Catholic priest, Lorenzo Valla, proved that it was fake and really written inthe mid-eighth century because certain words and phrases wouldn't have been usedor even invented yet.
The church covered it up for years, but eventually, admitted the truth.
Even though, many peopleinsist it was real.
But it's cool, everybody.
That's the first time the churchever covered something up.
During the 2016 AmericanPresidential Election cycle, bipartisan fake news sites,started popping up online.
The Denver Guardianclaimed to be the oldest news publication in Denver andthe site looked legitimate, but only had one news story that was posted on November 5th, justdays before the election.
The article entitled, FBI agent suspected in Hillary Email Leaks, found dead in apparent murder suicide, contained quotes from sources likePolice Chief, Pat Frederick from Walkerville, Maryland,neither of which existed.
The Denver Post and NPRexposed the Guardian as fake and run by 40 year old, Jestin Coler, who also owned other fake news sites.
But that didn't stop thestory from being shared over half a million times and having over 15.
5 million interactions on Facebook, making it one of the mostshared fake news story of 2016.
Everybody please listento me, this is important.
Think before you share stuff on Facebook, a lot of it is fake, Mother of God! On November 8th 2016,India's Prime Minister announced that thecountry, was introducing a 2,000 Rupee note, but thatall 501,000 Rupee notes were being taken out of circulation and would become invalid at Midnight.
The move was meant to stopillegal counterfeit operations but the short notice ledto confusion and panic.
India actually has over50 million Whatsapp users and a rumor that the new note, was actually a spyingdevice, quickly went viral across the messaging app and social media.
India's Reserve Bank was quickto call the claims false, but even the mainstream mediastarted reporting the claim, that the new note wasequipped with a Nano GPS Chip, that could track you nearly400 feet below ground.
The incident ended up bringing light to just how fast, news storiesspread over the internet and the impact of lowjournalistic standards.
On August 25th 1835, theNew York Sun newspaper, published the first of six great astronomical discoveries article.
Which said that alien life, hadbeen discovered on the Moon.
What made the story so convincing, was that the famous real life astronomer, Sir John Herschel had made the discovery while looking through hisseriously impressive telescope.
The articles were supposedly written by Herschel's colleague, Dr.
Andrew Grant, and claimed that the Moon was covered in crystal caves, rivers and forests and even had exotic creatureslike winged humanoid bats, two-legged beavers and unicorns.
At the time, people wereobsessed with astronomy and theories on alien life and The Sun's subscription sky-rocketed.
But, in 1840, Reporter Richard Locke, said that he wrote thestory to increase sales and to mock those alien believers.
Why is there such a lack ofcritical thinking skills? People with bat wings don't exist.
In 1915, a rumor spread that Germany was using the bodies of dead soldiers to render fat for candles,lubricants and soap.
Now, Germany, of course, denied it.
But the story was printed without proof in newspapers in France,Britain and America.
In April of 1917, the DailyMail and the Times newspapers claimed to have an anonymous source, who had visited a so called,"corpse utilization factory" the Times also cited astory in a German paper, by Reporter Karl Rosner, whohad visited a corpse factory and saw "kadavers" with the K.
But, at this time, cadavers with a C, referred to animalslike horses, not humans.
But the British still used this story to convince China to joinin the war against Germany.
Which they did on August 14th 1917.
They were eventually proven to be fake, but the Nazis used it as"proof" that the British had made up the holocaustduring the second World War.
It's September of 2009, news outlet across Australia, including the Associated Press, reported on a scientific study entitled, Deception Detection acrossAustralian populations.
It was supposedly publishedby Dr.
Carl Varnsen at the Leavitt Institute and studied how gullible Australians were, with Sydney ranking as the most naivecity in the whole country.
Now, the report looked pretty official, but it had a big clue thatthe whole thing was fake.
Hidden in the scientific methodology, was the line, "theseresults were completely made up to be fictitious material, through a process of modifiedtruth and credibility notes.
" in other words, y'all are idiots! Sydney's dummy status causeda lot of public outcry, which kind of showedhow naive everyone was, which was the idea and that you should always fact check before reporting.
It turns out that thewhole thing was a big hoax to promote a new comedy news TV show.
You maybe surprised to learnthat on of the founding fathers of the United States of America, was also one of the earliestspreaders of fake news, or not.
In 1782, America was inthe middle of the war of independence against Great Britain and Ben Franklin was looking for creative ways to gain support.
He wrote a completely false article about British Allied Native Americans scalping 700 defenselessrevolutionary soldiers, women and children and even included a fake letter from real life war hero, John Paul Jones, to support his story.
He printed it in fake copiesof the Boston newspaper, the Independent Chronicle and sent it to all of his colleagues.
It was then re-printed as fact,in many American newspapers.
The story was widely believed and spread false ideas about Native Americans as savage, un-American sympathizers.
Oh, Benny boo-boo, why youdo this, that's not nice.
By 2014, only 1% of Myanmar's population had the internet, but by2016, that rose to 20%.
There are even magazines that print popular online stories, true or false.
Now, Myanmar has a Buddhist majority and there has been tension and violence with the country's Muslim minority.
In 2016, fake news stories and pictures of Muslims being tortured, was spreading.
But, most of the photos were taken from not only, unrelated events but completely different countries.
Making it worse, is that at the same time, there were news stories about Muslims committing terriblecrimes against Buddhists.
At first, neither were true, but in an investigation by thejournalist Cheryl Frankel, found that the storiesdid have a direct impact on an increased in hate crimesand violence towards Muslims.
This include, burning down Muslim villages and murders of at least 70 people.
In late 2016, posters on 4chan and Reddit, spread a conspiracytheory that a pedophile sex-trafficking ring, involving members of the Democratic Party, was operating out of the Comet Ping Pongpizzeria in Washington D.
It was uncovered after Hillary Clinton's campaign chairman, John Podesta's emails supposedly with codedmessages about the sex ring, were leaked by WikiLeaks.
The story was of course, debunked and D.
C Police said it was all fake.
But, it still went viralon Twitter and Facebook and even in the Turkish Press.
Comet's owner, James Alefantis, started to get death threatsand on December 4th 2016, 28 year old, Edgar Welch,opened fire in the pizzeria.
Now, luckily, no one was hurt.
But, Welch said that hewanted to self-investigate the claims and onlysurrendered once he believed that there weren't any childsex slaves being held hostage.
Okay, there should be a law that before you're even allowedto log onto the internet, you have to put on yourcritical thinking cap.
Think people, damn it! But as always, thank you guysso much for watching this.
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